A regional analysis of housing, availability of household amenities and modern facilities in scheduled tribe population in Uttarakhand
India has recorded unprecedented development over recent years, in near about all aspects of development either be economic or technological, yet the pace of development has not been even rather it is unevenly distributed among the regions as well as among the various social groups of country. The condition of living in many territories/regions have been observed lagging far behind compared to progressing territories/regions, likewise, the certain groups of the nation such as STs/SCs were seen to be deprived of better quality of life than the other socio-economically endowed communities. The many of initiatives have been taken by the government since its independence towards the social and economic upliftment of them and as a result there has been witnessed remarkable improvement in their socio-economic condition but even, they are still far behind the desired level of development. These marginalized sections of society still remain deprived of standard housing condition, basic amenities like; potable water, kitchen and bathroom facility, clean fuel, electricity and modern facilities. Moreover, whatever be the changes in their living conditions, have not been even among them, thereby striking the disparity in their living condition because of their remotely located and hardly reachable habitants. Therefore, having assumed all these things, the present study has been carried out to assess the extent of scheduled tribe population to accessibility and availability of housing, amenities and facilities, and to inspect the regional variations in housing condition and availability of household amenities and modern facilities among the scheduled tribe population in Uttarakhand states. The study is entirely based on secondary sources of data collected form census of India, publication 2011, New Delhi. The district of the state has been considered as the smallest until of study. For the assessment of regional variations, statistics like z-score and composite z-score have been applied. The overall analysis reveals the notable aerial variations across the state in level of development in respect of housing and household amenities and modern assets. The paper also attempts to recommend some pertinent suggestions for eradication of regional disparity and overall development of scheduled tribe population of Uttarakhand state.